Project Overview

The bluffs, beaches and harbor infrastructure of southeastern Wisconsin are vulnerable to coastal hazards including erosion, coastal storms and fluctuating water levels. These coastal hazards can threaten coastal properties and impair economic security of the region’s tourism and commerce. Planning, preparing for and adapting to coastal hazards can enhance community resilience and strengthen coastal economies. A project team consisting of the Wisconsin Coastal Management Program (WCMP), the University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute, the University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, and the Southeastern Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission (SEWRPC) have been awarded a three-year NOAA Coastal Resilience Grant to enhance community capacity in southeastern Wisconsin to build resilience to these coastal hazards.

This project will provide resources and assistance to southeastern Wisconsin communities in Ozaukee, Milwaukee, Racine, and Kenosha Counties to plan and prepare for coastal hazards. To provide needed information on coastal hazards, the project team’s scientists and outreach specialists will evaluate and map shoreline recession rates in the region and develop educational resources on options to protect coastal assets. Using these resources, the project team will work with counties and municipalities to assess their vulnerabilities to coastal hazards, prioritize potential actions to address coastal hazards and begin to implement some of these actions with project funds. This effort will be organized as a coastal resilience community of practice for local officials, scientists and outreach specialists to learn about, share experiences with and develop approaches to plan and prepare for coastal hazards.

Funding 

Funding for this project is provided by the National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration (NOAA) Coastal Resilience Grants Program

Expected Outcomes 

Communities improve awareness of coastal hazard risks through shoreline recession mapping, guidance on risk-reduction practices, and community of practice meetings

Property damages from coastal hazards are reduced by addressing identified and prioritized vulnerabilities with risk-reduction practices

Coastal economic assets like beaches and harbors remain operational through improved planning and maintenance that considers hazard impacts

Coastal risk-reduction efforts are more cost effective through multi-jurisdictional coordination and education on risk-reduction practices

Timeline 

Organize a Community of Practice
Year 1 Organize participants in community of pactice including municipalities, counties, state agencies, and federal partners WCMP, SEWRPC
Years 1-3 Conduct semi-annual community of practice meetings to demonstrate resilience resources, discuss ongoing hazard issues, and initiate collaboration All Partners
Year 3 Evaluate community of practice to report on lessons learned and identify opportunities to continue collaboration beyond the project WCMP
Evaluate Shoreline Recession
Year 1 Analyze historic shoreline and bluff recession rates from aerial photographs UW CEE
Year 2 Assess scenarios of potential shoreline recession under lake level extremes and high-energy storm conditions UW CEE
Year 3 Develop interactive mapping tools to visualize recession rates and scenarios UW CEE
Create Guidance on Risk-Reduction Practices
Year 1 Develop outreach materials on bluff best management practices and bluff slope vegetation practices that can improve bluff stability UWSGI
Year 2 Develop outreach materials on nature-based shoreline practices for Great Lakes shorelines. UWSGI
    Update small harbor and marina infrastructure and dredging cost evaluation matrix for use in maintenance and adaptation planning UWSGI
Year 3 Develop outreach materials on resilient beach restoration practices that increase resistance to erosion UWSGI, WCMP
Identify and Implement Local Resilience Opportunities
Year 1 Assess local vulnerability to coastal hazards with a self-assessment of coastal hazard issues and existing resilience actions WCMP, UWSGI
Identify opportunities to increase coastal resilience through guided resilience assessment exercises UWSGI, WCMP, SEWRPC
Years 2-3 Implement local projects with municipalities and counties to plan actions to reduce coastal hazard impacts WCMP
Year 3 Evaluate local resilience projects and report on lessons learned WCMP